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County: Calcasieu
Printed In: American Press
Printed On: 2014/02/14

Public Notice:


The LDEQ, Office of Environmental Services, will conduct a public hearing to receive comments on fourteen (14) Part 70 Air Operating permits, two (2) PSD permits, and a water discharge permit and the associated Environmental Assessment Statement (EAS) for Sasol North America Inc. (Sasol), 2201 Old Spanish Trail, Westlake, Louisiana 70669 for the Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) Project and Lake Charles Cracker Project (LCCP). The facility is located at 2201 Old Spanish Trail in Westlake, Calcasieu Parish.
The hearing will be held on Tuesday, March 25, 2014, beginning at 6:00 p.m., at the Westlake City Hall, 1001 Mulberry Street, Westlake, LA. During the hearing, all interested persons will have an opportunity to present oral statements, views, recommendations, opinions and information on the proposed permit. Additionally, written statements and other documents such as charts, data, and tabulations may be filed with the hearing officer at the hearing.
Sasol has requested Part 70 Air Operating and PSD permits for the GTL Project and LCCP. These two projects are technically and economically independent. The GTL Project involves construction of five (5) new process units: a Power Unit, a Linear Alkyl Benzene Unit (LAB-2), a Hydrogen Production Unit (HPU), an Air Separation Unit (ASU), and a Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) Unit.
The Power Unit will provide electricity and steam for GTL processes using combustion turbines, heat recovery steam generators, and boilers. Permitted emissions, in tons per year (TPY), from the Power Unit (proposed Permit No. 3122-V0) are as follows:

PM10; 105.58
PM2.5; 105.58
SO2; 29.80
NOX; 308.48
CO; 833.39
VOC; 42.24
CO2e; 2,717,977

The HPU will produce hydrogen and superheated steam using steam-methane reforming technology. Permitted emissions, in TPY, from the HPU (proposed Permit No. 3121-V0) are as follows:

Pollutant; Emissions
PM10; 21.26
PM2.5; 21.26
SO2; 4.18
NOX; 29.85
CO; 100.43
VOC; 15.40
CO2e; 676,780

The ASU will produce instrument air, plant air, high pressure nitrogen, and low pressure nitrogen. Permitted emissions, in TPY, from the ASU (proposed Permit No. 3120-V0) are as follows:

Pollutant; Emissions
PM10; 0.04
PM2.5; 0.04
SO2; 0.002
NOX; 1.37
CO; 0.77
VOC; 0.04
CO2e; 56

The GTL Unit will utilize natural gas as a feedstock to produce fuel-grade hydrocarbon products, including liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), naphtha, paraffins, diesel, wax products, and base oil products. Permitted emissions, in TPY, from the GTL Unit (proposed Permit No. 3119-V0) are as follows:

Pollutant; Emissions
PM10; 109.29
PM2.5; 109.29
SO2; 18.79
NOX; 323.37
CO; 1020.76
VOC; 587.48
CO2e; 2,979,286

LAB-2 will utilize heavy paraffins produced in the GTL Unit and stock benzene to produce linear alkyl benzene compounds. Permitted emissions, in TPY, from LAB-2 (proposed Permit No. 3123-V0) are as follows:

Pollutant; Emissions
PM10; 5.74
PM2.5; 5.74
SO2; 1.13
NOX; 30.46
CO; 27.57
VOC; 28.04
CO2e; 89,620

The GTL Project will be permitted for 261.78 TPY of LAC 33:III.Chapter 51-regulated toxic air pollutants (TAPs). Individual TAPs with a permitted rate (in TPY) greater than its minimum emission rate (MER) established by Table 51.1 of LAC 33:III.5112 include:

Pollutant; Emissions
benzene; 7.56
formaldehyde; 1.44
ammonia; 220.55
sulfuric acid; 0.43

The LCCP involves the construction of six (6) new units and modifications to three (3) existing units to manufacture ethylene, polyethylene, various polymerization and cyclic products, alcohols, alumina, ethoxylates, ethylene oxides, and derivative glycols. New units include Ethylene 2, Comonomer 2, Guerbet, EO/MEG, LDPE, and LLPDE. Existing units that will be modified include Ziegler Alcohols, Ethoxylation, and Alumina.
The Ethylene 2 (ETH2) Unit will thermally crack ethane vapor into ethylene in cracking furnaces. Permitted emissions, in TPY, from ETH2 (proposed Permit No. 3118-V0) are as follows:

Pollutant; Emissions
PM10; 251.04
PM2.5; 251.04
SO2; 49.16
NOX; 641.16
CO; 1,523.66
VOC; 743.11
CO2e; 3,258,054

The Comonomer 2 (COMON2) Unit will produce 1-octene plus 1-hexene. The process will be a replica of the existing Comonomer 1 process. Permitted emissions, in TPY, from COMON2 (proposed Permit No. 3114-V0) are as follows:

Pollutant; Emissions
PM10; 8.97
PM2.5; 8.97
SO2; 10.23
NOX; 41.08
CO; 216.90
VOC; 122.85
CO2e; 95,558

The Guerbet Alcohols Unit will produce specific, single-branched alcohols, known as dimer alcohols, in the C12 to C32 range. Permitted emissions, in TPY, from Guerbet (proposed Permit No. 3117-V0) are as follows:

Pollutant; Emissions
PM10; 1.12
PM2.5; 1.12
SO2; 0.21
NOX; 7.04
CO; 6.80
VOC; 59.34
CO2e; 16,984

The Ethylene Oxide/Mono Ethylene Glycol Unit will include two processes: ethylene oxide (EO) production and monoethylene glycol (MEG) production. Permitted emissions, in TPY, from EO/MEG (proposed Permit No. 3115-V0) are as follows:

Pollutant; Emissions
PM10; 3.78
PM2.5; 3.78
SO2; 0.39
NOX; 12.04
CO; 15.70
VOC; 40.52
CO2e; 286,904

The Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) Unit will produce LDPE by the high pressure polymerization of ethylene. Permitted emissions, in TPY, from LDPE (proposed Permit No. 3113-V0) are as follows:

Pollutant; Emissions
PM10; 8.67
PM2.5; 8.67
SO2; 0.62
NOX; 64.82
CO; 391.53
VOC; 613.19
CO2e; 110,506

The LLPDE Unit will produce a polyethylene powder using ethylene, catalyst, and co-monomer. Permitted emissions, in TPY, from LLPDE (proposed Permit No. 3116-V0) are as follows:

Pollutant; Emissions
PM10; 5.63
PM2.5; 5.63
SO2; 0.002
NOX; 1.37
CO; 0.77
VOC; 17.90
CO2e; 56

As part of the LCCP, a new process train will be constructed to increase the capacity of the existing Ziegler Alcohol Unit. This unit uses Ziegler technology to produce highly linear primary alcohols ranging from two to about twenty-eight carbons. Permitted emissions, in TPY, from the Ziegler Alcohols Unit (proposed Permit No. 2865-V5) are as follows:

Pollutant; Before; After; Change
PM10; 23.27; 32.61; +9.34
PM2.5; 23.27; 32.61; +9.34
SO2; 1.33; 3.09; +1.76
NOX; 90.73; 161.11; +70.38
CO; 119.83; 329.47; +209.64
VOC; 743.11; 1501.72; +758.61
CO2e; –; 274,426*; –
* LCCP-affected sources only.

As part of the LCCP, two new ethoxylate trains (ETO-4 and ETO-5) will be added to the existing Ethoxylate (ETO) Unit. The ETO Unit produces ethoxylated alcohol by combining alcohols and ethylene oxide in the presence of a catalyst. Permitted emissions, in TPY, from the ETO Unit (proposed Permit No. 2325-V5) are as follows:

Pollutant; Before; After; Change
PM10; 1.34; 2.24; +0.90
PM2.5; 1.34; 2.24; +0.90
SO2; 0.55; 1.57; +1.02
NOX; 19.80; 52.15; +32.35
CO; 76.30; 245.65; +169.35
VOC; 127.42; 336.06_;+208.64
CO2e; –; 58,875* ;–
* LCCP-affected sources only.

As part of the LCCP, the existing Alumina Unit (ALU) will be expanded in capacity. In the ALU, alumina slurry from offsite sources or the Ziegler Alcohol Unit is fed to spray dryers to produce hydrated alumina (Al2O3 ∙ H2O), which is shipped for sales or further processed via two existing calciners into calcined alumina (Al2O3). Permitted emissions, in TPY, from Alumina (proposed Permit No. 2565-V7) are as follows:

Pollutant; Before; After; Change
PM10; 129.21; 208.97; +79.76
PM2.5; – *; 208.97; –
SO2; 3.98; 5.27; +1.29
NOX; 73.73; 107.72;+33.99
CO; 55.04; 85.86; +30.82
VOC; 77.51; 115.58; +38.07
CO2e; – *; 101,300**; –
** PM2.5 was not required to be speciated in the currently effective permit.
** LCCP-affected sources only.

Permitted rates of total TAP emissions, in TPY, from the LCCP units are shown in the table below. Individual TAPs that will increase by an amount greater than its MER are also listed.

Pollutant; Before; After; Change
1,2-dichloroethane; –; 1.32; 1.32
1,3-butadiene; –; 11.30; 11.30
acetaldehyde; 4.71; 10.62; +5.91
benzene; 0.07; 61.52; +61.45
chloroform; –; 1.17; 1.17
ethylene glycol; –; 15.51; +15.51
ethylene oxide; 11.312; 20.62; +9.308
formaldehyde; 0.03; 0.59; +0.56
methanol; 6.35; 18.80; +12.45
naphthalene; 0.54; 8.61; +8.07
n-butyl alcohol; 51.23; 134.04; +82.81
n-hexane; 71.06; 164.72; +93.66
phenol; 0.03; 0.04; +0.01
propionaldehyde; 0.32; 1.31; +0.99
PAH; –; 9.15; +9.15
styrene; 0.30; 5.30; +5.00
toluene; 0.76; 12.63; +11.87
ammonia; 44.41; 240.31; +195.90
nitric acid; 0.35; 0.66; +0.31
Total TAPs *; 194.56; 739.21; +544.65
* Also includes other TAPs with emissions rates below their respective MERs.

GTL and LCCP will result in significant net emissions increases of the following pollutants: PM/PM10/PM2.5, SO2, NOX, CO, VOC, and greenhouse gases (GHG) (regulated as carbon dioxide equivalents, or CO2e). Therefore, PSD requirements, including best available control technology (BACT), apply. The selection of BACT was based on a “top down” approach and is detailed in the Preliminary Determination Summaries of PSD-LA-778 and PSD-LA-779. Neither the projects nor the general commercial, residential, industrial, or other growth associated with them is expected to have a significant adverse impact on soils, vegetation, visibility, or air quality in the vicinity of the facility or in any Class I area.
The Office of Environmental Services has made a preliminary determination to approve construction of the GTL Project and LCCP, subject to the maximum allowable emissions rates and specific conditions established in PSD-LA-778 and PSD-LA-779. As shown in the table below, modeling demonstrates that the Class II increments for PM10, PM2.5, SO2, and NO2 have not been consumed at any receptor location.

Pollutant; Averaging Period; Modeled Increment Consumption GTL + LCCP
(µg/m3); Class II Increment (µg/m3)
PM2.5; 24-hour; 7.6; 9
Annual; 1.56; 4
PM10; 24-hour; 28.7; 30
Annual; 5.34; 17
SO2; 3-hour; 188.0; 512
24-hour; 75.5; 91
NO2; Annual; 20.9 25

Per LAC 33:III.507.I.2.b, the Office of Environmental Services is also providing notice that the Title V permits for the following process units contain permit shields.

Unit / Source ID; Demonstrates Compliance With; By Compliance With
Comonomer 2 / FUG0016; LAC 33:III.2122
40 CFR 60 Subpart DDD
40 CFR 60 Subpart VVa 40 CFR 63 Subpart FFFF and any requirements that this subpart references
LDPE / FU 0013 LAC 33:III.2122
40 CFR 60 Subpart VV
40 CFR 60 Subpart VVa 40 CFR 60 Subpart DDD and any requirements that this subpart references
Ziegler Alcohol Unit /
FUG0005, FUG0022 LAC 33:III.2122 40 CFR 60 Subpart FFFF
ETO Unit / FUG0021, FUG0001 LAC 33:III.2122 40 CFR 60 Subpart PPP
EO/MEG Unit / FUG0020 40 CFR 60 Subpart VVa
LAC 33:III.2122 40 CFR 63 Subpart H
Ethylene 2 Unit / FUG0019 40 CFR 60 Subpart VVa
40 CFR 63 Subpart YY
LAC 33:III.2122 40 CFR 63 Subpart UU
LLDPE Unit / FUG0010 40 CFR 60 Subpart VVa
40 CFR 60 Subpart DDD
LAC 33:III.2122 40 CFR 63 Subpart FFFF

Additionally, the LDEQ, Office of Environmental Services, is accepting written comments on a draft Louisiana Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (LPDES) water permit prepared for Sasol North America Inc., Lake Charles Chemical Complex. Upon the effective date of the final permit, the LPDES permit shall replace the previously issued LPDES permit.
This facility is subject to Section 316(b) Phase II of the Clean Water Act and the applicable Federal and State regulations for cooling water intake structures. The draft water permit includes conditions towards compliance with these regulations.
The principal discharge from this existing source is made into the Calcasieu River (Outfalls 001/C01 and 081/C81) and Bayou Verdine (Outfalls B01, 002, 004, 008, 030, and 082), waters of the state classified for primary contact recreation, secondary contact recreation and propagation of fish and wildlife. Under the SIC Codes 2869 and 2816, the applicant proposes to discharge process wastewater, process area stormwater runoff, utility wastewaters (consisting of, but not limited to, cooling tower blowdown and boiler blowdown), groundwater remediation wastewater, sanitary wastewater, and non-process area stormwater runoff from an existing organic chemical manufacturing plant.
During the preparation of this permit, it has been determined that the discharge will have no adverse impact on the existing uses of the receiving waterbody. As with any discharge, however, some change in existing water quality may occur.
These permits were processed as expedited permits in accordance with LAC 33:I.Chapter 18.
A technical review of the working draft of the proposed permit was submitted to the facility representative and the LDEQ Inspection Division. Any remarks received during the technical review will be addressed in the “Worksheet for Technical Review of Working Draft of Proposed Permit”. All remarks received by LDEQ are included in the record that is available for public review.
The EAS submitted by the applicant addresses avoidance of potential and real environmental effects, balancing of social and economic benefits against environmental impact costs, and alternative sites, projects, and mitigative measures.
The public hearing will be conducted in accordance with La. R.S. 30:2017, which addresses the authority of the hearing officer, provides for the order in which speakers will be allowed to speak and the length of time allocated to each speaker. A hearing officer will preside over the public hearing. This will be a formal hearing for the purpose of gathering facts and information. It will not include a “question and answer” component. In accordance with La. R.S. 30:2016, the hearing will be transcribed and become a part of the official public record.
Comments and requests for a public hearing or notification of the final decision can be submitted via personal delivery, U.S. mail, email, or fax. Comments and requests for public hearings must be received by 4:30 pm CST, Wednesday, March 26, 2014. Delivery may be made to the drop-box at 602 N. 5th St., Baton Rouge, LA 70802. U.S. Mail may be sent to LDEQ, Public Participation Group, P.O. Box 4313, Baton Rouge, LA 70821-4313. Emails may be submitted to DEQ.PUBLICNOTICES@LA.GOV and faxes sent to (225) 219-3309.
Please see additional instructions for comment submission, hand delivery and information regarding electronic submission at or call (225) 219-3276. Emails should follow the statewide email policies. For more information regarding statewide email policies, go to
A written response to all public comments will be prepared at the time of the final permit decision. LDEQ will send notification of the final permit decision to the applicant and to each person who has submitted written comments or a written request for notification of the final decision.
The permit applications, additional information submitted by Sasol, proposed Part 70 Air Operating and PSD permits and associated Statements of Basis (SOB), draft water permit and fact sheet, and the Environmental Assessment Statement (EAS) are available for review at the LDEQ, Public Records Center, Room 127, 602 North 5th Street, Baton Rouge, LA. Viewing hours are from 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday (except holidays). The available information can also be accessed electronically on the Electronic Document Management System (EDMS) on the DEQ public website at
Additional copies may be reviewed at the Calcasieu Parish Library - Westlake Branch, 937 Mulberry Street, Westlake, LA 70669-4601; and at the Calcasieu Parish Library - Sulphur Regional Branch, 1160 Cypress Street, Sulphur, LA 70663-5111.
Individuals with a disability, who need an accommodation in order to participate in the public hearing, should contact Heather Desporte at the above address or by phone at (225) 219-3279.
Inquiries or requests for additional information regarding this permit action should be directed to Mr. Dan Nguyen, LDEQ, Air Permits Division, P.O. Box 4313, Baton Rouge, LA 70821-4313, phone (225) 219-3395.
Persons wishing to be included on the LDEQ permit public notice mailing list or for other public participation related questions should contact the Public Participation Group in writing at LDEQ, P.O. Box 4313, Baton Rouge, LA 70821-4313, by email at DEQ.PUBLICNOTICES@LA.GOV or contact the LDEQ Customer Service Center at (225) 219-LDEQ (219-5337).
Permit public notices including electronic access to the proposed permit and statement of basis can be viewed at the LDEQ permits public notice webpage at and general information related to the public participation in permitting activities can be viewed at
Alternatively, individuals may elect to receive the permit public notices via email by subscribing to the LDEQ permits public notice List Server at
All correspondence should specify AI Number 3271, Permit Number GTL and LCCP, and Activity Number PER20130016 through PER20130031, and Water Permit Number LA0003336 and Activity Number PER20130015.

Feb. 14 1t

Public Notice ID: 21060817.HTM